A novel and efficient sorting process for post-shredder ELVs to meet and overcome ELV directive targets
Every year end of life vehicles (ELVs) generate in Europe between 8 and 9 million ton of waste that should be managed correctly. In 1997 the European Commission adopted a Proposal for a Directive to make vehicle dismantling and recycling more environmental friendly, by setting clear quantified targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of vehicles and their components.
The Directive also pushes producers to manufacture new vehicles with a view to their recyclability. This legislation was officially adopted in 2000 as the Directive 2000/53/EC – the “ELV Directive” and further updated in the COMMISSION DECISION 2005/293/EC laying down detailed rules on the monitoring of the reuse/recovery and reuse/recycling. The directive sets the recycling target at 85% and recovery target at 95% respectively.
Starting from the state of the art of GDE car demolition process, LIFE+ CARWASTE main objectives are:
A) to SET UP AND DEMONSTRATE THE VIABILITY OF A PILOT PLANT ABLE TO FINELY SEPARATE SHREDDED CAR WASTE CURRENTLY LAN FILLED (about 15%), IN ORDER TO FURTHER RECOVER and RECLYE IT, meeting and even overcoming the 2015 targets for recycling (85%) and recovery (95%) set by the COMMISSION DECISION 2005/293/EC.
B) to DEMONSTRATE THE ECONOMICAL FEASIBILITY OF RECOVERY AND FURTHER RECYCLING of FLUFF (as fuel compliant with the DIRECTIVES 2008/98/CE ON WASTE and 2010/75/EU on INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS) in cement and siderurgic plants.
C) to DEMONSTRATE THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY, THE POTENTIALITIES OF MARKET REPLICATION AND PENETRATION OF THE PROPOSED PILOT PLANT.